ADA Mini-M Rimless (About 5.5 Gallons)
36cm X 22cm X 26cm (14.17in X 8.66in X 10.24in)
4mm, Tempered Glass
Modified Side Table from Target
Aqua Medic 70 watt Metal Halide Pendant + 2 IceCap 455nm LED's
NONE - unless you count the 8lbs of Premium Live Rock + 10lbs of Live Sand
Koralia NANO @ 240gph
50 watt Azoo Titanium
Established October 7, 2007
主缸:ADA Mini-M 无拉筋 (20.5L)
主缸大小: 36cm x 22cm x 26cm
玻璃: 4mm 钢化玻璃
光照: Aqua Medic 70W 卤素灯 + 2 IceCap 455nm LED
循环: 喜多 造流 960L/每小时
温控: 50W Azoo 发热棒
From the outset, the idea behind this little aquarium was to create a simple, modern piece of living art as my foray into the saltwater hobby. Careful consideration was given to the fit and function of each piece of equipment, so as to limit anything that would be distracting and/or frivolous, while providing a small environment that would support the widest possible diversity of livestock.
Key adjectives were: simple, silent, small and attractive.
Hindsight: If I were to start over, I would probably go with a similarly dimensioned drilled tank with starphire glass and some sort of a sump or modified canister filter.
I don't own many tools and I do not consider myself particularly talented with DIY projects. I am, however, most certainly a perfectionist with a mild case of OCD that comes in quite handy with projects like this.
My first challenge was to find a stand that would both accommodate the new aquarium, and fit my aesthetic requirements. I was quite happy to stumble on a little side table at Target that fit the bill. A bent piece of electrical metallic tubing, spray paint, and a few screws later the basic setup was ready.
Materials used to build out the stand:
Once I had all of the supplies, the stand was up in a matter of hours, much of which was waiting for paint to dry.
You can see the stand build out here:
I later modified my pendant with two 455nm LED's:
Hindsight: I was always really intimidated by these kinds of custom build-out projects, but after having done a handful of them now, I can say, at least for me, the juice is worth the squeeze. It is very satisfying to put something like this together, but you definitely should plan on some frustrations along the way. See "Lessons Learned" for some tips.
In this hobby, as in life, you get what you pay for. With such a small tank I could afford some hand-picked premium live rock and live sand to get things going on the right foot. I had a rough idea of the layout I was going for, so individually selecting the pieces of LR was very important. I also wanted some bio-diversity, so I mixed 10% Fiji Premium LR with 90% "premium tank cured" rock.
This being my first saltwater tank, I found the various creatures that came in on the live rock fascinating - and I wasn't the only one. We bought a big magnifying glass, Sherlock Holmes style, and my then 5 year old son loved to inspect the rocks for clues of life. My wife and daughter were also drawn to the new tank, spending a lot of time sitting on the floor in front of the tiny aquarium, watching little pods, starfish, bi-valves and other creatures settle in.
While I think I irritated my fair share of folks in the beginning with continual references to my freshwater tanks, it did end up serving me well. Understanding how to correctly cycle a tank and grasping the importance of frequent water changes, especially in the beginning, made the setup process relatively smooth and easy.
Hindsight: If I were to start over, I would probably go with more wild or uncured live rock with a greater bio-diversity in exchange for a longer cycle period.
As this is my first saltwater tank, I still consider myself on a fairly steep learning curve when it comes to livestock. The tank has been through a few iterations and changes in stocking.
I started out with a few free zoanthids and a little sliver of orange montipora, which I still have today. I quickly took interest in colorful macro algae and went through a number of them. Some melted, some I got sick of, and some got eaten by my later addition of a couple orange turbo snails.
我一开始加了鱼友送的纽扣, 还有红瓦片, 直到今天还一直保留着，然后对海藻痴迷起来，尝试养过市场上所有的海藻，有一些生病, 有一些溶掉，一些给蛇鱼吃掉，陆陆继继就没了.
After adding a bunch of zoanthid colonies I ended up with zoapox, and my sexy shrimp and amphipods made a feast out of most of them. Luckily a few survived and are now starting to turn around.
Here is a brief stocking history with some comments. Lines with an asterisk (*) are no longer in the tank.
I think that most hobbyists would consider this tank "high maintenance." The lack of filtration and skimming makes partial water changes extremely important. Depending on the week I will do 1-2 water changes, removing and replacing about 1 gallon at a time so nothing ends up out of the water, using up to 7 gallons per water change.
I also do daily (sometimes twice a day) top-offs to maintain a fairly stable Salinity (target 1.026).
I typically do not test things unless something looks wrong, but I did run daily tests for a couple of weeks recently to get a gauge for just how much nutrients my tank was using, and adjusted my dosing plan accordingly. For the first several months I added no nutrient supplements, but as my SPS settled in I noticed that my Alk and Ca were being rapidly depleted, so I started dosing 2-part B-Ionic Alk/Ca + Mg.
我不特意地去测水质除非看上去有问题的时候，不过我会每两个星期测一下NO3,同时会修正我的滴定设定(KH & CA)．在刚开始，我并没有添加任何的喂食，但是我的SPS让KH和钙掉得很快．所以我开始滴定 B-Ionic 2 Par Alk/CA + Mg (钙水,KH水和镁)
I feed 1-3 times a week with Cyclop-eeze, typically just before a water change or when my sexy shrimp seem a little too hungry. I also feed them some meaty sinking pellets (very little) which they devour happily.
More on the methods and equipment I use for water changes can be found here:
Some may also be interested in the tools I use:
- Drill holes from the finished side, down to avoid splitting cheap wood veneer.
- Grommets make incredible finishing touches.
- Those things that you use to pinch off hanging wire are called Ferrules.
- Tunze Universal pump Mini 5024.04 – not enough flow even with 2
- Maxi/Micro Jet – bulky and not enough flow
- Rio 50 / 90 – Not enough flow
- Rio 180 – Good flow but too concentrated
- Koralia Nano – great flow, evenly dispersed, best so far
Tunz Mini 5024.04不够力，即使用两个
Maxi/Micro Jet 太占地方，而且造流不行
Rio 50/90 造流不够
Rio 180 造流OK,不过占地方
- Flower Anemones are much easier to put in than to take out.
- The term "Invasive" in Reef-speak translates to "slow growing and easy to manage" in Planted FW
- Macro algae is really underrated.
- Orange Turbo snails like macro algae.
- Frequent, large water changes will NOT crash your tank – quite the opposite.
- A SW Reef Pico can be done WITHOUT a filter or skimming.
- You can't drill an ADA tank (something about tempered glass)
- Spray painting is not as easy as it seems it should be, well not if you want it to look good in the end.
- A rimless tank is kinda like a bridge with no railing – people are inevitably going to fall off (or fish jump out in my case).
- Nerites are more interested in what is outside the aquarium
This tank will surely go through a few more small transformations in its lifetime. I anticipate keeping it going as is for at least another year or two if all goes well. This is one of four tanks I maintain; the other three are high-tech freshwater setups. I may convert one of them over to saltwater in the future, but for now I am happy with this little glass corner of the ocean.
I have yet to discover a more interesting, hko hko , and nuanced form of living art than the aquarium hobby at its best.